Bikaner Plaster of Paris industries (Bikaner)


Bikaner, one of the desert districts of Rajasthan, has important mineral resources such as china clay, fire clay, gypsum, silica sand and limestone. Gypsum beds up to 30 meters thick and of the best quality are available in Bikaner district. A cluster of around 150 Plaster of Paris (POP) manufacturing units is located in Bikaner, of which around 75 units are in operation. Gypsum is the sole raw material for these POP units. The POP is marketed across India, and about 10–15% is exported, mainly to Nepal. POP is primarily used for the protective and/or decorative coating of walls and ceilings; for moulding and casting decorative elements (in manufacturing industries); and setting broken or fractured bones and surgical instruments (in medical field).

Products manufactured

Plaster of Paris (POP)

Energy Consumption


Number of Brick Kilns


Main fuels

Petcoke, electricity

Annual Production

Rs 150 crore (1.5 billion)

Total energy consumption (toe)


Leading industry association(s)

  • Khara Udyog Sangh
  • KA Project Association

Cluster Manual

Other Resources


Data pertains to 2015–16, collected primarily under the TERI–SDC EESE project

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Secretary - SAMEEEKSHA, Industrial Energy Efficiency Division,
TERI, Darbari Seth Block, IHC Complex, Lodhi Road, New Delhi 110 003, India
Tel: +91 11 2468 2100, 2468 2111 | Email: