Lucknow: Clay Fired Brick Making Clusters


Lucknow, the 'City of Nawabs', has a cluster of about 230 brick kiln units located around the city. Almost all the units use fixed chimney type Bull’s Trench kilns (BTKs); about 10 brick kiln units are using zigzag technology for firing of green bricks. All the units are engaged in the production of clay fired solid bricks through a manual production process. The average production capacity of a typical BTK is about 27,000 bricks per day. The kilns operate for about 6 months in a year: January to June. Generally, five to six qualities of bricks are sold in the market - Class-1, Class-2, Class-3, Tamda, Kali Peti, and Tukda.

Products manufactured

Clay fired solid bricks

Energy Consumption


Number of Brick Kilns


Main fuels


Annual Production

4.8 million

Total energy consumption (toe)


Leading industry association(s)

  • Lucknow Brick Kiln Association

Cluster Manual

Other Resources

SourceData pertains to 2016–17, collected primarily under the TERI–SDC ‘EESE’ project

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Secretary - SAMEEEKSHA, Industrial Energy Efficiency Division,
TERI, Darbari Seth Block, IHC Complex, Lodhi Road, New Delhi 110 003, India
Tel: +91 11 2468 2100, 2468 2111 | Email: