Gujarat: Clay Fired Brick Making Clusters


The state of Gujarat is among the leading brick producing states in India. A majority of brick kin units use manual process for green brick moulding; however, a few units have been using extruders for the same. The main brick firing technologies used in the state are Clamp kilns and Bull’s trench kiln (BTK). The major product of brick kiln is solid bricks. The usual brick making season is December to June.

Products manufactured

Solid bricks

Number of Brick Kilns


Main fuels

Coal, Biomass

Annual Production

20 billion

Total energy consumption (toe)

2.78 million toe (annual)

Source: TERI's interventions in brick sector under projects supported by Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), Department for International Development (DFID).

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Secretary - SAMEEEKSHA, Industrial Energy Efficiency Division,
TERI, Darbari Seth Block, IHC Complex, Lodhi Road, New Delhi 110 003, India
Tel: +91 11 2468 2100, 2468 2111 | Email: