Bihar: Clay Fired Brick Making Clusters


The state of Bihar is among the leading brick producing states in India. A majority of brick kiln units use manual process for green brick moulding; however, a few units have started using extruders for the same. The main brick firing technology use in the state is Bull's trench kiln (BTK). A few of the brick manufacturing units have adopted 'zig-zag' and 'VSBK (Vertical Shaft Brick Kiln)' technology for firing of green bricks. The major product of brick kiln is solid bricks. The usual brick making season is December to June.

Products manufactured

Solid bricks

Number of Brick Kilns


Main fuels

Coal, Biomass

Annual Production

19.7 billion

Total energy consumption (toe)

2.6 million toe (annual)

Leading industry association(s)

  • Bihar Brick Manufacturers Association
  • All India Brick and Tiles Manufacturers Federation (AIBTMF), New Delhi

Source: TERI's interventions in brick sector under projects supported by Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), Department for International Development (DFID); Discussions with Punjab State Council for Science and Technology, Chandigarh

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Secretary - SAMEEEKSHA, Industrial Energy Efficiency Division,
TERI, Darbari Seth Block, IHC Complex, Lodhi Road, New Delhi 110 003, India
Tel: +91 11 2468 2100, 2468 2111 | Email: