The micro, small, and medium enterprise (MSME) sector in India plays a key role in the nation’s economy. According to a report of the Prime Minister’s Task Force on MSMEs (January 2010), the Indian MSME sector has about 26 million units, employing 60 million people, and contributes 8% of the nation’s gross domestic product (GDP), 45% of the manufactured output, and 40% of the exports. In an increasingly globalized market, it is vital for MSMEs to improve and sustain their competitiveness through the deployment of efficient manufacturing processes. Fuel costs make up a sizeable portion of manufacturing cost in most MSMEs. Hence, there is a need for improvement and constant innovation of technologies and operating practices in MSMEs, particularly in energy-consuming processes. However, MSMEs face difficulties in accessing knowledge on new/improved energy-efficient technologies, and in securing dependable supplies of clean, affordable fuels. Often, even when improved technological options are developed and made available to MSMEs, their uptake is severely hindered by the paucity of technical support services at unit/cluster level and by the inability of MSMEs to access capital finance to acquire new or improved machinery/equipment.